China is already home to seven of the world's 10 longest bridges, including the world's lengthiest, the 102 mile Danyang-Kunshan rail bridge, which runs over land and water near Shanghai. Also called the Pearl Bridge, because it is said to resemble a beautiful string of pearls, the bridge is lit up in different seasonal or festive colors throughout the year. See China’s new 34-mile-long bridge linking Hong Kong, mainland World’s longest sea-crossing span cost $20 billion, took almost decade to build A boat transporting construction workers' berths next to a column of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge as a plane prepares to land at Hong Kong's international airport. 1. Editor's Note: To mark the PRC's 70th anniversary, our series "Data Speaks" has dedicated five episodes to exploring China's stunning strides in the last seven decades. China builds world’s longest bridge across the sea Yesterday China opened the world’s longest bridge across the sea , connecting Hong Kong with Macau on the mainland. The bridge is not the only cross-border development underway. The big draw in Macau – a former Portuguese colony – is its casinos. Opened on 29 April, 2009, with a main span of 552 meters, Chaotianmen Bridge in Chongqing is the longest arch bridge in the world, which connected 3 major commercial areas of this city. “The steel structures were manufactured in a workshop in Shanghai and then transported to the site by ship,” Gao tells CNN. The tunnel runs between two artificial islands, each measuring one million square feet (100,000 square meters) and situated in relatively shallow waters. China Opens the World's Longest Sea Bridge. San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge was the longest and tallest suspension bridge in the world when it was completed in 1937. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge runs alongside Hong Kong's international airport -- the busiest cargo airport in the world. Gao is visibly proud of his country’s monumental achievement. At 7,709 feet long, the Evergreen Point Bridge, which carries traffic across Lake Washington in Seattle, is the world's longest floating bridge -- it relies on more than 70 concrete pontoons. Marcos Chan, head of research for commercial real estate consultancy CBRE Hong Kong, Southern China and Taiwan, says the region is already very vibrant and economically productive. Each element weighs 80,000 tons – about the same as an aircraft carrier. That’s where the bridge comes in. Stretching more than 55km (34 miles), the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge spans the Pearl River Delta and is an unparalleled engineering feat. The $20 billion Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. “At present, the economic distribution is very uneven between the Pearl River Delta’s east and west coasts,” says Chan adding that, “the cities on the eastern side such as Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Dongguan are more economically developed than cities on the western side including Zhuhai, Jiangmen and Zhongshan.”. imagebroker / Alamy. Beipanjiang Bridge Duge, China 1,854 feet (2016) 2. While the condition… A consortium of construction companies formed under the China Communications Construction Company (CCCC), CCCC South America Regional Company, and China Railway 20 Bureau Group Corporation have signed an agreement with the state of Bahia, Brazil to build the longest cable sea bridge in Brazil that will link the city of Salvador to the island of Itaparica. Photographed in the late 19th century the Caravan Bridge in the city of Izmir, Turkey, was built in 850 BC and is still standing -- and in use -- today. ​Stretching more than 12 kilometers in length, it will be the longest structure over water in ​all of Latin America. When the cover of the Hartland Bridge -- which crosses the Saint John River in New Brunswick, Canada -- was built in 1921, it attracted controversy. STR/AFP/Getty Images. But this bridge is very visible … you can see it from the plane when you fly in to Hong Kong, and it’s breathtaking,” says Mo. The speed limit on the bridge has been set at 62 miles (100 kilometers) an hour. Besides, the construction methods have also been carefully selected so as to minimize the impacts to the marine environment.”, The project’s worker safety record has also been criticized. It is considered an engineering wonder and its supporters say it will boost connectivity and tourism in the region. Once the bridge is open, tourists – both from China and other countries – will be able to travel from Hong Kong’s airport to Macau and the mainland in about 45 minutes. The elements were precast on Guishan Island, near Zhuhai, and transported to the construction site by floating pontoons and tugboats. China takes the title for the longest rail bridge -- in fact the longest bridge of any kind -- with the 102 mile Danyang--Kunshan Grand Bridge. All Rights Reserved. Opened in 2011, it connects Shanghai to Nanjing along the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway. China builds the world’s longest bridge over the sea in 2018 Xi Jinping, the president of China, has inaugurated the world’s longest bridge over the sea.The numbers needed to build it are incredible; a budget of 20 billion dollars, 400 thousand tons of steel, and 9 years to build it. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. AFP/AFP/Getty Images. Yes, it's made of pure Arctic ice. Environmental groups including WWF and the Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society, for example, have argued that its construction has further endangered Hong Kong’s beleaguered population of Chinese white dolphins. GABRIEL BOUYS/AFP/Getty Images. Over four years, China funnelled $785 million into the construction of the Maputo-Catembe Bridge. PHOTO: PHOTO: This will be built by Chinese firm, China Communication Construction Company (CCCC) after it signed a deal with the country to design and build the bridge. “It links Hong Kong to China almost like an umbilical cord. PHOTO: Holiday resorts, theme parks and golf courses are currently being developed on the offshore island of Hengqin. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. The speed limit has been set at 62 miles (100 kilometers) an hour, and it has been decided that cars will drive on the right along the Chinese sections of the bridge, and switch to the left in Hong Kong and Macau, to match the driving styles in each city. The bridge … Fortunately, the bridge has SO MANY problems. © 2020 Cable News Network. PHOTO: China To Build Indonesia’s Longest Bridge In North Kalimantan. It will slash journey times between the three cities from three hours to 30 minutes, putting them all within an hour’s commute of each other. Hangzhou Bay Bridge (simplified Chinese: 杭州湾大桥; traditional Chinese: 杭州灣大橋; pinyin: Hángzhōu Wān Dàqiáo; Wu: Han-tseu-uae du-jiau) is a long 35.7 km (22.2 mi) highway bridge with two separate cable-stayed portions, built across the mouth of Hangzhou Bay in the eastern coastal region of China.It connects the municipalities of Jiaxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang province. Called the world's longest cross-sea project, the bridge … “To compete with other bay areas in the world, the Chinese government has to remove or reduce these barriers … and promote integration among the cities,” says Chan. In a few months’ time, this empty ocean highway will be filled with cars, buses, trucks and lorries, zipping between China, Hong Kong and Macau. Locals feared that the dark tunnel would spell disaster for the morals of the town's younger population. Information supplied by the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority has revealed that the total cost of the main bridge was $7.56 billion, $4.32 billion of which was funded with bank loans. Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Imaginechina/Corbis. A key reason for building the bridge is that it will facilitate the export of goods from factories located on the west side of the Pearl River Delta. As we are buffeted by a strong wind, the tough conditions his construction crew experienced, as they perched on precarious platforms, working miles from land and high over the water, are evident. Library of Congress, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, Liantang-Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point, 4.5 times the amount in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge. PHOTO: The bridge is also intended to boost tourism. Mo also believes that Hong Kong has spent too much money on the bridge. The region incorporates three borders (Hong Kong/China; Macau/China; Hong Kong/Macau), three different legal systems and three different currencies. It is the world's longest bridge. The three bridges, which … The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge will connect a relatively small city on the Chinese mainland with the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Verification email has been resent. Nowadays, it is much loved by locals and no longer a cause for concern. Mo says she is unsure that Hong Kong’s roads can cope with the extra vehicular traffic the bridge will bring, and she believes the territory doesn’t need any more tourists. The official narrative is that greater regional integration will drive economic growth. October 31, 2020. in Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN), Walmart (NYSE: WMT), News, Travel. “You can’t see the existing transport connections – in a literal way. Two Chinese companies, CCCC and CR20 signed a contract this week to build a much sought-after bridge in the Brazilian state of Bahia, ​connecting its capital Salvador with the island of Itaparica. “Hong Kong is bursting. It will slash journey times between the three cities from three hours to 30 minutes, putting them all within an hour's commute of each other. The breathtaking Millau Viaduct Bridge in southwestern France, designed by English architect Norman Foster and completed in 2004, measures 1,125 feet at its tallest point. Home to 68 million people, the Greater Bay Area covers 21,800 square miles (56,500 square kilometers) in central southern China, and encompasses 11 cities – Hong Kong, Macau and nine cities across Guangdong province. Zhuhai, sometimes referred to as China’s Florida on account of its balmy climate and lush vegetation, is a family-friendly destination. “It takes up less than 1% of the land area of China and is home to less than 5% of the population but produces 12% of China’s GDP.” When compared to countries around the world, he says “the Greater Bay Area already has the 11th largest economy.”. Building islands from scratch didn’t prove easy, either, says Xinglin. D ropcap the popularization of the “ideal measure” has led to advice such as “Increase font … This massive span of concrete and steel is not just proof of China’s ability to build record-setting megastructures – it’s also a potent symbol of the country’s growing geopolitical ambitions. Why do we need this extra project?”. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge -- from underneath. But with the main construction of the bridge now complete, officials are putting the finishing touches to the project – finalizing plans for customs arrangements and operations at checkpoint facilities, determining responsibility for emergency rescue operations, and negotiating toll prices. Password reset email has been resent. Due to open to the public this summer, this long snake of bitumen will connect a relatively small city on the Chinese mainland with the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. A structural frame was created using 120 giant, hollow, steel cylinders, each one 165 feet (50 meters) high (equivalent to an 17-story building) and weighing 550 tons – about the same as an Airbus A380, the world’s largest passenger jet. STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN/AFP/Getty Images. Stretching more than 12 kilometers in length, it will … “The bridge is a waste of money,” says Claudia Mo, an independent lawmaker who supports greater democracy in Hong Kong. “When it comes to linking the mainland to Hong Kong, we have air, sea and land linkages already. PHOTO: Gao says the most technically difficult aspect was the construction of a four mile (6.7 kilometer) long submerged tunnel. Success! In December 2009, workers took part in an opening ceremony in Zhuhai, in southeast China's Guangdong province, to commemorate the start of construction work on the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge -- the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. A guard stands in front of toll booths at the Zhuhai entrance to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge. According to various media reports, financing relating to the Maputo-Catembe Bridge project was granted as a loan agreement to the government of Mozambique. With every setback the official opening date – originally planned for late 2016 – has been further delayed, which led some to doubt whether the bridge would ever come to fruition. Jinshajiang Bridge, China, 1,680 feet (2021) 3. The ground floors of most houses have been converted to antique and craft shops while the upper floors are still used as private residences. You see it, and you know you’re linked up to the motherland.”. Puli Bridge, China, 1,591 feet (2015) 5. The team used hydraulic hammers to drive the cylinders into the seabed, then filled the cylinders and the enclosed area with sand. PHILIP FONG/AFP/AFP/Getty Images. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is a central plank in China’s master plan to develop its own Greater Bay Area – a region it hopes will develop to rival the bay areas of San Francisco, New York and Tokyo in terms of technological innovation and economic success. Dropcap the popularization of the “ideal measure” has led to advice such as “Increase font size for large screens and A Warner Media Company. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge under construction. At 1,282 feet long, it is both the world's longest covered bridge and a National Historic Site of Canada. PHOTO: Crossing the bridge will cost locals $2.60; an exorbitant amount of money by Mozambican standards. It is built to withstand earthquakes (a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit in 1995), consistently strong tidal currents (9 knots), and wind gusts up to 179 mph. Gao Xinglin, assistant director and senior engineer at the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority, meets us half way along. World's longest sea bridge is almost finished after China spends £12bn and seven years building the mammoth overpass that stretches 34 MILES … While the true need for the bridge is disputed, it is undeniably an extraordinary feat of engineering. The bridge is a central plank in China's ambitious … The longest, highest and fastest-built on the planet: "Unparalleled" is perhaps the best word to describe the scale and ingenuity of China's bridge … The bridge has been plagued by criticism since its beginning. PHOTO: As tensions simmer between the mainland and Hong Kong and Taiwan, and China continues to claim territory in the South China Sea, the bridge can be seen as a physical manifestation of the Chinese leadership’s determination to exert its regional influence. It is a road-rail bridge over the Yangtze River in Chongqing, with a total length of 1,741 meters. The tunnel is a crucial component because the Pearl River Delta is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world. PHILIP FONG/AFP/Getty Images. The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, which will connect Hong Kong to China’s high speed rail network, and the Liantang-Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point, a border crossing between Hong Kong and mainland China, are both due to open later this year. Subscribe here! The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge was lit up in Hong Kong on Monday, days before opening for public use. The Beaufort Sea Road in Alaska is the world's longest ice bridge. According to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority over 4,000 vessels – everything from passenger ferries to container ships – cruise its waters every day. Like other critics, Mo believes that building the bridge was a political act. A spokesman at Hong Kong’s Transport and Housing Bureau told CNN that Hong Kong spent an additional $4.57 billion on its Boundary Crossing Facilities, and $3.19 billion on a link road from the main bridge to the boundary crossing. To complete your CNN profile and ensure you are able to receive important account information, please verify your email address. PHOTO: China opens world’s longest sea bridge and tunnel to connect Hong Kong and Macau to the mainland The 34.2 mile-long sea bridge cuts one commute from four hours to 45 minutes. Chan believes the region could become “possibly the most attractive tourism hub in China.” But not everyone sees the benefits. Kenny Williams / Alamy. The Chinese firm secured the project to build the Bahir Dar Abay Bridge by placing an offer, which was 15.3% higher than the engineer’s estimates. Since then, those records have been surpassed by numerous other bridges but with 10 million camera-toting visitors a year, the Golden Gate Bridge is by far the most photographed. The bridge is a central plank in China's ambitious plans to develop the Greater Bay Area. We already get more tourists than the whole of the UK.” In 2016, Hong Kong welcomed 56.7 million tourist arrivals, whereas the UK received 37.6 million overseas visitors. Opponents see the bridge as a means by which to force assimilation and exert control. Japan's Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge spans 2.43 miles and connects the city of Kobe to Awaji Island. It … Copyright © 2020 CGTN. The Beipanjiang Suspension Bridge soars a terrifying 1,854 feet above a river in southwest China's Guizhou province. PHOTO: PHOTO: It remains to be seen if the boost to connectivity will elevate China’s Greater Bay Area to new heights, and how much further it will bring Hong Kong and Macau into China’s powerful embrace. The first episode is on China's record bridge-building. China's giant "Bridge of Death" attempts to push Hong Kong closer to mainland China. Although the bridge is an engineering marvel, its construction has been dogged by controversy. Spanning the Lianjiang River in Guangdong Province, the structure has been officially recognised by Guinness World Records as the longest glass-bottomed bridge in the world. “At present, visitors to Hong Kong from mainland China tend to fly in for one or two days, mostly for shopping, and seldom travel to other areas in the Pearl River Delta,” says Chan. In a statement, the Highways Department told CNN that seven workers had died, and 275 had been injured, while working on Hong Kong’s link road and boundary crossing facility. See what potential user​s think of the project. Although the bridge is not yet open to the public, the main construction work has been completed and driving trials are being conducted. Additionally, residents carry three different passports and identity cards, and speak two different languages (Cantonese and Mandarin). Built to withstand a magnitude eight earthquake, a super typhoon, and strikes by super-sized cargo vessels, it incorporates 400,000 tons of steel – 4.5 times the amount in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge. 4:58 AM EDT, Wed May 16, 2018. Critics argue that the $20 billion infrastructure mega-project is politically driven and a costly white elephant. Firm to build longest bridge By Lu Haoting (China Daily) Updated: 2007-07-14 06:51. MANILA, Dec. 21 (Xinhua) -- China and the Philippines have recently signed contracts to build three more bridges in the capital Metro Manila to help improve traffic congestion, the Chinese embassy in the Philippines said on Monday. It’s no surprise that Gao admits to having suffered sleepless nights. “The relevant requirements on occupational safety are included in the contract provisions of the public works contracts … Highways Department has also required contractors to strictly implement the safety measures.”. Cars will drive on the right along the Chinese sections of the bridge, and switch to the left in Hong Kong and Macau, to match the driving styles in each city. GYRO PHOTOGRAPHY/amanaimages/Corbis. Critics have also questioned the environmental and human toll and the immense financial cost of the project. The three regional governments that collaborated on the project took financial responsibility for sections inside their own territories and shared the cost of the 14 mile (23 kilometer) long main bridge that runs between them. “We excavated a foundation trench in the sea bed, laid a rock bed, then immersed the elements,” he says. Graca Victoria / Alamy. 0. The $20 billion Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. Introducing the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge, the world's longest bridge over seawater. The Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge (simplified Chinese: 丹昆特大桥; traditional Chinese: 丹昆特大橋; pinyin: Dān-Kūn tèdà qiáo) is a 164.8-kilometre-long (102.4 mi) viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. Hong Kong’s total bill exceeds $9 billion. by boostnow. DALE DE LA REY/AFP/Getty Images. China's President Xi Jinping (left) and Hong Kong's chief executive Carrie Lam (center) in Hong Kong, watching a presentation during a visit to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge on July 1, 2017. To make the best use of the massive stimulus package, China is to build the world's longest bridge to connect mainland China,Hong Kong and Macao to bring the economic ties closer. PHOTO: Of the remaining $3.24 billion, Hong Kong put up $1.38 billion – a little less than Zhuhai ($1.43 billion), which received financial support from China’s central government, and considerably more than Macau ($0.43 billion) which, with a population of 610,000, is the smallest of the three cities. Gao explains that the tunnel is made of 33 “elements” – huge hollow blocks measuring 590 feet (180 meters) long, 125 feet (38 meters) wide and 37 feet (11.4 meters) high. A spokesperson for Hong Kong’s Highways Department said: “The locations and alignments of the … infrastructure are carefully determined to avoid the Chinese white dolphin’s major active areas. Updated But since the bridge was first suggested in 2003, it has stirred controversy. Success! After multiple delays, the bridge is due to open in summer 2018. Two Chinese companies, CCCC and CR20 signed a contract this week to build a much sought-after bridge in the Brazilian state of Bahia, connecting its capital Salvador with the island of Itaparica. The idea of a Greater Bay Area was first raised in 2009, but development has been hampered because “there are lots of barriers between the cities,” Chan says. The Qingdao Haiwan Bridge -- at 26.4 miles long -- in Shandong Province is almost three miles longer than the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana, which was the … At a cost of US$49 million, Ethiopia is set to build its longest bridge. “Hong Kong has had to fund a lot of the bridge,” says Mo, “but we won’t see many benefits here.”. Spanning 34 miles (55 kilometers), this is the longest sea-crossing bridge ever built. PHOTO: China Plans to Build World's Longest Bridge Zhejiang, one of the most developed provinces in east China, is planning to build the world's longest bridge, a 36 … Recently completed in the eastern coastal town of Qingdao, this engineering marvel is … China is already home to (now the second) longest sea bridge, which spans 26.3 miles. Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3, Chinese companies to build longest bridge over water in Brazil. Krämerbrücke -- "Merchant's Bridge" --located in Erfurt, Germany, is a stone arch bridge dating back to 1325. 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